The link between childhood maltreatment and risk of delinquency and criminal behavior is well-established. This policy brief provides an introduction to the system changes we need to make to better serve youth who experience maltreatment and end up in the juvenile justice system.
This report is an update of an earlier report published in October of 2011 and includes data from 2011 and 2012. Fortunately, many of the trends noted in the earlier report have continued, as juvenile arrests have continued to decline and we have seen a growth in support for successful community-based programs.
Research over the past 20+ years affirms that trying youth in adult court has a detrimental impact on community safety as well as on many 17-year-olds. Current Wisconsin law excludes all 17-year-olds from the juvenile court and the services available through that venue. Even if prosecutors and judges wanted to include a 17-year-old in an appropriate juvenile service or program, they are unable to do so. Researchers have studied how best to promote public safety and meet the needs of 17-year-olds in several different ways.
In 2012 there were 8,952 youth admissions to juvenile detention in Wisconsin; almost one-third of admissions were in Milwaukee County.
Following a biennium in which the Youth Aids Allocation was reduced by about 17%(about 10% of which was a permanent reduction that becomes the “base” for 2013-15 and about $7 million that was “lapsed” back to the general fund) two of the three juvenile correctional institutions (JCI) were closed, and the daily rates charged to counties were increased, the 2013-15 proposal regrettably does not restore all of the reductions while still increasing the daily charges to counties for services.
Wisconsin 2011 Act 32 required the Department of Corrections to gather information about juvenile justice services from around the state and compile into a report to the legislature. With help from the counties, that information has been compiled in a report to the legislature released in early July. The report, simply titled 2010 State and […]
WCCF has created a Juvenile Justice Expenditures Snapshot of the key fiscal data, illustrating changes in funding, changes in the number of youth served, and that state Youth Aids funds account for less than one-half of juvenile justice related expenditures.
These snapshots are a follow up to the state data posted last year, and it includes juvenile arrest information through 2010. Counties continue to make strides in reducing correctional placements while at the same time lowering arrest numbers.
Check out a short policy brief that captures some of the research that clearly links the impact of exposure to lead (lead paint, leaded gasoline, etc.) on brain development, mental health, and delinquency.